Hyperlipidemia involves abnormally elevated levels of any or all lipids and/or lipoproteins in the blood. Hyperlipidemia may basically be classified as either familial hyperlipidemia or acquired hyperlipidemia. There are two types of hyperlipidemia; modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors. Management of hyperlipidemia requires multi-team intervention include medical, nutritional and lifestyle modifications. Searching on the internet using the Google search engine was the main source of data as well as books. This review will try to draw a picture about hyperlipidemia; its risk factors and management. Adiposopathy is raised by non healthy diet and a low active lifestyle in environmentally and genetically predisposed people. Management strategies depend on the specific lipid abnormality. Many countries or regions have developed their own dyslipidaemia guidelines. Prevention and treatment of dyslipidaemia consists assessment, establishment of treatment goal, increase activity level, dietary modification, medical therapy, follow up, re-assets and modifying the procedure as necessary.