News Update on Natural Convection Flow Research: Nov – 2019

Natural Convection Flow, Instability, and Transition

In any estimation of transport rates in an exceedingly convection method one should worry whether or not the flow is stratified  or turbulent since the transport effectiveness is incredibly completely different for these 2 flow regimes. The progressively active analysis in natural convection processes typically has enclosed, within the past few years, intensive study of however and once stratified  natural convection flows, over surfaces, become turbulent. the subsequent presentation summarizes what’s well-known at now regarding the whole method. ab initio unstable stratified  flows amplify disturbances that eventually convert the flow to turbulence. The question of initial instability of streamline flow is taken into account, from theory and from experimental proof. [1]

Natural convection flow in a square cavity revisited: Laminar and turbulent models with wall functions

Numerical simulations are undertaken for the benchmark drawback of natural convection flow during a sq. cavity. The management volume methodology is employed to resolve the conservation equations for laminal and turbulent flows for a series of Third Baron Rayleigh numbers (Ra) reaching values up to 1010. The k‐ϵ model has been used for turbulence modelling with and while not power wall functions. Uniform and non‐uniform (stretched) grids are used with increasing density to ensure correct solutions, particularly close to the walls for prime Ra‐values. ADI and SIP solvers are enforced to accelerate convergence. wonderful agreement is obtained with previous numerical solutions, whereas some discrepancies with others for prime Ra‐values could also be thanks to a probably totally different implementation of the wall functions. [2]

Longitudinal vortices in natural convection flow on inclined plates

Experiments ar performed to demonstrate the prevalence associated explore the characteristics of a secondary flow superposed upon the natural convection main flow on an inclined plate. A flow visualisation technique is used whereby the flow pattern is created visible by native changes of color of the fluid itself, the color modification being led to by a modification in pH scale. The secondary flow consists of longitudinal vortices or rolls distributed additional or less sporadically across the dimension of the plate. the quantity of such vortices will increase with the temperature distinction between the surface and also the close fluid, however seems to be comparatively insensitive to the inclination angle of the plate. The secondary flow results from the destabilizing result of the buoyancy force element, that acts traditional to the plate surface. The longitudinal vortices ar the primary stage of the laminarturbulent transition method. this is often in distinction to the case of natural convection on a vertical plate, wherever the primary stage of transition is Tollmien-Schlichting waves. [3]

Natural Convection Flow of a Nanofluid in an Inclined Square Enclosure Partially Filled with a Porous Medium

This work Associate in Nursingalyses free convection flow of a nanofluid in an inclined sq. enclosure consisting of a porous layer and a nanofluid layer exploitation the finite distinction methodology. curving temperature boundary conditions are obligatory on the 2 opposing vertical walls. Nanofluids with water as base and atomic number 47 or atomic number 29 or Al2O3 or TiO2 nanoparticles are thought-about for the matter. The connected parameters of this study are the Darcy range, nanoparticle volume fraction, part deviation, amplitude magnitude relation, porous layer thickness and therefore the inclination angle of the cavity. A comparison with antecedently printed work is performed and therefore the results are in smart agreement. [4]

The Coupling Conduction Effects on Natural Convection Flow along a Vertical Flat Plate with Joule Heating and Heat Generation

The out-turn of warmth generation and Joule heating on natural convection flow through a vertical flat plate are investigated within the given article. Joule heating and warmth physical phenomenon because of wall thickness ‘b’ square measure prestigious moreover during this analysis. With the intent to get similarity solutions to the matter being legitimate, the evolved equations square measure created dimensionless using acceptable transformations. The non-dimensional equations square measure then changed into non-linear equations by conveyance into being a non-similarity transformation. The out-turn non-linear alike equations confine with their corresponding boundary conditions shaped on physical phenomenon and convection square measure resolved numerically applying the finite distinction methodology amid Newton’s linearization approximation. [5]


[1] Gebhart, B., 1969. Natural convection flow, instability, and transition. (Web Link)

[2] Barakos, G., Mitsoulis, E. and Assimacopoulos, D., 1994. Natural convection flow in a square cavity revisited: laminar and turbulent models with wall functions. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids, 18(7), (Web Link)

[3] Sparrow, E.M. and Husar, R.B., 1969. Longitudinal vortices in natural convection flow on inclined plates. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 37(2), (Web Link)

[4] Natural Convection Flow of a Nanofluid in an Inclined Square Enclosure Partially Filled with a Porous Medium
A. I. Alsabery, A. J. Chamkha, H. Saleh & I. Hashim
Scientific Reports volume 7, Article number: 2357 (2017) (Web Link)

[5] Alam, M. M., Hossain, M., Parvez, M. M. and Rahman, I. (2018) “The Coupling Conduction Effects on Natural Convection Flow along a Vertical Flat Plate with Joule Heating and Heat Generation”, Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, 27(1), (Web Link)

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