Latest News on Diptera Research: Dec – 2019

American sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae, Phlebotominae).

The system of classification given relies on the work of Theodor, Young and Fairchild, Barretto and therefore the gift authors. There ar concerning a thousand publications managing the three hundred about yankee species currently known . The authors review the classification of recent World sandflies and acknowledge as genera Brumptomyia, Lutzomyia (with sixteen subgenera and thirteen species groups), Warileya and Hertigia. This tentative theme differs from that of Young and Fairchild [summarized by LEWIS et al, Trop. Dis. Bull., 1978, v. 75, abstr. 672], mostly by the utilization of many subgeneric names originally projected by Barretto. 124 pages ar dedicated to descriptions, with figures, of genera, subgenera, series (subdivisions of subgenera) and species teams, and to citations of species, maps of apparent distribution, and distribution lists. [1]

Midges: Chironomidae and Related Diptera

Among insects, the polyose larval remains of the order Diptera (true flies) square measure most bumper in lake sediments, and therefore have tried to be particularly helpful in palaeoenviron-mental studies. at intervals this massive and numerous cluster, however, remains of the family Chironomidae (non-biting midges) greatly exceed the remains of all different Diptera in abundance. solely a number of different families—the Chaoboridae (phantom midges), the arthropod family (biting midges or “no-see-ums”), and therefore the Simuliidae (black flies)—are sufficiently common to be of abundant interest to palaeoecologists. every of those families is in the main aquatic in its larval kind, though the arthropod family and family Chironomidae comprise some terrestrial or semi-terrestrial species. [2]

Diptera as parasitoids

Parasitoids within the insect Diptera embrace associate degree calculable sixteen,000 species, or or so two hundredth of the full range of species with this life-style. Parasitoids during this order square measure extremely various in each their habits and organic process origins, that makes them associate degree underutilized however extremely appropriate cluster for quantitative studies of character convergence and radiation. This review focuses on many aspects of the environmental science of dipteron parasitoids that have received very little comprehensive treatment, as well as processes related to host location and attack, patterns of host use, and also the organic process and ecological consequences of host-parasitoid interactions. Throughout the review we have a tendency to distinction the patterns found within the parasitic Diptera against those found within the higher studied parasitic Hymenoptera. we have a tendency to conclude that a lot of intensive study of dipteron parasitoids is needed before we will perceive the overall conditions that favor the evolution of insect parasitoids and also the actually magnifying themes of their behavior and ecology. [3]

Comprehensive inventory of true flies (Diptera) at a tropical site

Estimations of tropical insect diversity usually suffer from lack of best-known teams or faunas against that extrapolations may be created, and have seriously underestimated the variety of some taxa. Here we tend to report the intensive inventory of a four-hectare tropical cloud forest in Central American country for one year, that yielded 4332 species of Diptera, providing the primary verifiable basis for diversity of a significant cluster of insects at one website within the tropics. In total seventy three families were gift, all of that were studied to the species level, providing probably complete coverage of all families of the order doubtless to be gift at the location. [4]

Chemical Composition of the Essential Oil of Tagetes minuta and Its Activity against Cochliomyia macellaria (Diptera: Calliphoridae)

Background: infestation made by Diptera larvae is to blame for the invasion of body tissues, seriously compromising animal welfare and inflicting important economic losses to eutherian. Cochliomyia macellaria is a crucial agent to blame for secondary infestation, aggravating the first infestation that would be already put in. Tagetes minuta volatile oil (TMEO) is understood for its anthelmintic and insecticidal properties, and it might be a property different for the management and treatment of infestation.

Aims: This study aimed to guage TMEO activity on the third arthropod larvae (L3) of C. macellaria beneath laboratory conditions. [5]

Reference

[1] Martins, A.V., Williams, P. and Falcäo, A.L., 1978. American sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae, Phlebotominae). American sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae, Phlebotominae). (Web Link)

[2] Walker, I.R., 2001. Midges: Chironomidae and related diptera. In Tracking environmental change using lake sediments (pp. 43-66). Springer, Dordrecht. (Web Link)

[3] Feener Jr, D.H. and Brown, B.V., 1997. Diptera as parasitoids. Annual review of entomology, 42(1), (Web Link)

[4] Comprehensive inventory of true flies (Diptera) at a tropical site
Brian V. Brown, Art Borkent, […]Manuel A. Zumbado
Communications Biology volume 1, (Web Link)

[5] Chaaban, A., Fachini de Souza, A. L., Nogueira Martins, C. E., Cleber Bertoldi, F. and Beltrão Molento, M. (2017) “Chemical Composition of the Essential Oil of Tagetes minuta and Its Activity against Cochliomyia macellaria (Diptera: Calliphoridae)”, European Journal of Medicinal Plants, 18(1), (Web Link)

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