News Update on Ethnicity Research: Sep – 2019

Ethnicity, Insurgency, and Civil War

An powerful standard knowledge holds that civil wars proliferated speedily with the top of the conflict which the basis reason for several or most of those has been ethnic and non secular antagonisms. we have a tendency to show that the present prevalence of internal war is especially the results of a gradual accumulation of extended conflicts since the Fifties and Nineteen Sixties instead of a explosive modification related to a brand new, post-Cold War SI. we have a tendency to additionally realize that when dominant for per capita financial gain, a lot of ethnically or religiously numerous countries are no a lot of probably to expertise vital civil violence during this amount. we have a tendency to argue for understanding warfare during this amount in terms of rising or rural guerrilla warfare, a selected variety of military follow which will be controlled to numerous political agendas. [1]

Ethnicity and Entrepreneurship

We examine varied approaches to explaining ethnic enterprise, employing a framework supported 3 dimensions: Associate in Nursing ethnic group’s access to opportunities, the characteristics of a gaggle, and emerging ways. a typical theme pervades analysis on ethnic business: Ethnic teams adapt to the resources created accessible by their environments, that vary well across societies and over time. Four problems emerge as requiring bigger attention: the reciprocal relation between quality and entrepreneurship, a lot of careful use of ethnic labels and classes in analysis, a desire for a lot of multigroup, comparative analysis, and a lot of process-oriented analysis styles. [2]

Language and ethnicity in minority sociolinguistic perspective.

Language associate degreed ethnicity’ has been an underlying theme in my work for many of my calling. I even have been inspired persistently to prepare a variety of my papers on it theme, typically by colleagues, typically by students and typically by publishers, however it absolutely was not till the summer of 1987, at the Summer Linguistic Institute of the Linguistic Society of America, after I over again tutored a graduate course on this subject, that the stimulant, the chance and therefore the encouragement to try and do thus all came along at constant time. this choice contains those of my papers from 1972 and thenceforth that I still notice on paper productive and heuristically helpful for current work on language and quality. [3]

Telomere length in early childhood is associated with sex and ethnicity

Telomeres are repetitive polymer sequences at the top of chromosomes that perform to guard chromosomes from degradation. Throughout the life course, end length decreases with age and is influenced by environmental factors and health conditions. This study aimed to work out the relative end lengths in an exceedingly numerous cohort of concerning 4000 four-year-old youngsters in New island. regression was wont to investigate the connection between end length, kid gender, ethnicity, paternal age and deprivation. [4]

Iris Texture Analysis for Ethnicity Classification Using Self-Organizing Feature Maps

Ethnicity Classification from iris texture could be a notable analysis within the field of pattern recognition that differentiates teams of individuals as distinct community by bound characteristics and attributes. many quality classification systems are developed mistreatment supervised Artificial Neural Network and Machine Learning algorithms. However, these systems square measure restricted in their cluster ability and need previous definition of image categories that lowers its classification rate. Therefore, this work classified iris pictures from African nation, China and urban center origin mistreatment Self-Organizing Feature Maps (SOFM) blending with Principal element Analysis (PCA) primarily based Feature extraction. [5]

Reference

[1] Fearon, J.D. and Laitin, D.D., 2003. Ethnicity, insurgency, and civil war. American political science review, 97(1), (Web Link)

[2] Aldrich, H.E. and Waldinger, R., 1990. Ethnicity and entrepreneurship. Annual review of sociology, 16(1), (Web Link)

[3] Fishman, J.A., 1989. Language and ethnicity in minority sociolinguistic perspective. Multilingual Matters. (Web Link)

[4] Telomere length in early childhood is associated with sex and ethnicity
Kien Ly, Caroline Walker, Sarah Berry, Russell Snell, Emma Marks, Zaneta Thayer, Polly Atatoa-Carr & Susan Morton
Scientific Reportsvolume 9, Article number: 10359 (2019) (Web Link)

[5] Latinwo, B. M., Falohun, A. S., Omidiora, E. O. and Makinde, B. O. (2018) “Iris Texture Analysis for Ethnicity Classification Using Self-Organizing Feature Maps”, Journal of Advances in Mathematics and Computer Science, 25(6), (Web Link)

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