Latest Research on Adaptation to Climate Change: Jan – 2020

Successful adaptation to climate change across scales

Climate change impacts and responses are presently observed in physical and ecological systems. Adaptation to those impacts is increasingly being observed in both physical and ecological systems also as in human adjustments to resource availability and risk at different spatial and societal scales. We review the character of adaptation and therefore the implications of various spatial scales for these processes. We outline a group of normative evaluative criteria for judging the success of adaptations at different scales. We argue that elements of effectiveness, efficiency, equity and legitimacy are important in judging success in terms of the sustainability of development pathways into an uncertain future. We further argue that every of those elements of decision-making is implicit within presently formulated scenarios of socio-economic futures of both emission trajectories and adaptation, though with different weighting. the method by which adaptations are to be judged at different scales will involve new and challenging institutional processes. [1]

Adaptation to climate change in the developing world

The world’s climate is changing and can still become the approaching century at rates projected to be unprecedented in recent human history. The risks related to these changes are real but highly uncertain. Societal vulnerability to the risks related to global climate change may exacerbate ongoing social and economic challenges, particularly for those parts of societies hooked in to resources that are sensitive to changes in climate. Risks are apparent in agriculture, fisheries and lots of other components that constitute the livelihood of rural populations in developing countries. during this paper we explore the character of risk and vulnerability within the context of global climate change and review the evidence on present-day adaptation in developing countries and on coordinated international action on future adaptation. We argue that each one societies are fundamentally adaptive and there are many situations within the past where societies have adapted to changes in climate and to similar risks. [2]

Social Capital, Collective Action, and Adaptation to Climate Change

The effects of observed and future changes in climate are spatially and socially differentiated. The impacts of future changes are going to be felt particularly by resource-dependent communities through a mess of primary and secondary effects cascading through natural and social systems. as long as the planet is increasingly faced with risks of global climate change that are at the boundaries of human experience3, there’s an urgent got to learn from past and present adaptation strategies to know both the processes by which adaptation takes place and therefore the limitations of the varied agents of change – states, markets, and civil society – in these processes. Societies have inherent capacities to adapt to global climate change . during this article, I argue that these capacities are bound up in their ability to act collectively. [3]

Adaptation pathways of global wheat production: Importance of strategic adaptation to climate change

Agricultural adaptation is important to scale back the negative impacts of global climate change on crop yields and to take care of food production. However, few studies have assessed the course of adaptation along side the progress of global climate change in each of the present major food producing countries. Adaptation pathways, which describe the temporal sequences of adaptations, are helpful for illustrating the timing and intensity of the difference required. Here we present adaptation pathways within the current major wheat-producing countries, supported sequential introduction of the minimum adaptation measures necessary to take care of current wheat yields through the 21st century. We considered two adaptation options: (i) expanding irrigation infrastructure; and (ii) switching crop varieties and developing new heat-tolerant varieties. [4]

What’s the Benefit of Adaptation to Climate Change? Application of Partial Budgeting for the Rice Growers of Eastern Himalaya in India

The objective of this study was to estimate the value of adaptation to global climate change incurred by the rice growers in Eastern Himalaya (EH) in India. A sample total of 120 cereal farmers were surveyed in Senapati district of Manipur and East Sikkim district of Sikkim in EH. Two main adaptation strategies i.e., changing the transplanting time of rice (Strategy 1) and changing the transplanting and harvesting time (Strategy 2) of rice were widely adopted by the farmers. the value and advantage of these adaptation strategies were estimated using partial budgeting technique. [5]

Reference

[1] Adger, W.N., Arnell, N.W. and Tompkins, E.L., 2005. Successful adaptation to climate change across scales. Global environmental change, 15(2), (Web Link)

[2] Adger, W.N., Huq, S., Brown, K., Conway, D. and Hulme, M., 2003. Adaptation to climate change in the developing world. Progress in development studies, 3(3), (Web Link)

[3] Adger, W.N., 2010. Social capital, collective action, and adaptation to climate change. In Der klimawandel (pp. 327-345). VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften. (Web Link)

[4] Adaptation pathways of global wheat production: Importance of strategic adaptation to climate change
Akemi Tanaka, Kiyoshi Takahashi, Yuji Masutomi, Naota Hanasaki, Yasuaki Hijioka, Hideo Shiogama & Yasuhiro Yamanaka
Scientific Reports volume 5, (Web Link)

[5] Rymbai, D., Feroze, S., Singh, R. and Ray, L. (2017) “What’s the Benefit of Adaptation to Climate Change? Application of Partial Budgeting for the Rice Growers of Eastern Himalaya in India”, Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, 20(5), (Web Link)

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