Defining Islamic Education: Differentiation and Applications
This article explores use of several terms that signify Islam, and provides guidelines to clarify their use in internal and external discourses. Building on this foundation, the article delineates a typology of Islamic education and their associated institutions. This enhances understanding of important conceptual differences that hinge upon subtle variations of language as in the distinction between education of Muslims and for Muslims, and between teaching Islam and teaching about Islam. The article then seeks to elucidate a theoretical conception of “Islamic education,” that takes into consideration Islamic scripture and Prophetic statements, along with commonly-held approaches to education in Muslim history. The article concludes that key motivations and characteristics of a holistic and purposeful education program are shared between Islamic and Western traditions, a phenomenon partially explained by the shared and cumulative transmission of educational values and methods from classical times until the present. (Contains 9 notes.) 
Two Sides of the Same Coin: Modernity and Tradition in Islamic Education in Indonesia
This article explores one way in which the Classical Islamic community in Java, Indonesia, seeks to negotiate modernization and globalization through the interface of an Islamic boarding school (pesantren) and higher education. This negotiation requires imagining and (reinventing both modernity and tradition. By examining how the leadership of a particular pesantren for university students engages these processes in their curricular goals and practices, this article expands theoretical considerations of education in translocal processes such as Islamization and globalization. 
Teaching Morality: Javanese Islamic Education in a Globalizing Era
As Indonesia strives to overcome its position as a periphery nation, its populations are faced with increasing challenges to traditional identity and morality. With economic development comes a great exposure to global consumer culture. This paper examines how traditionalist Muslims in Java, Indonesia, are facing the perceived impact of globalization through educational efforts and the re-invention of tradition. 
Educational Management in the Light of Islamic Standards
The purpose of this study was threefold: (1) Investigate educational management and its characteristics in terms of the Islamic concept of management in this era of globalisation; (2) Identify attributes of leadership of the principals and their compatibility with Islamic standards derived from the Holy Quran, the Sunnah and the Prophet’s Traditions; and (3) Establish the impacts of globalisation on Islamic management. A descriptive-analytic approach was used to achieve these three aims based on a comprehensive description of the phenomenon in question and an analysis of the facts, information and data covered by the research. 
Integrating Instructional Video Drama to Enhance Islamic Studies Students’ Intrinsic Motivation: An Experimental Research
The purpose of this research is to explore the impact of instructional video drama integration in teaching Islamic studies to enhance students’ intrinsic motivation. Random sampling technique was employed by the researcher to select 60 subjects of the study from School for Arabic studies, Kano. Similarly, the subjects were randomly designated into either control or experimental group. 
 Douglass, S.L. and Shaikh, M.A., 2004. Defining Islamic Education: Differentiation and Applications. Current Issues in Comparative Education, 7(1), pp.5-18.
 Lukens‐Bull, R.A., 2001. Two sides of the same coin: Modernity and tradition in Islamic education in Indonesia. Anthropology & education quarterly, 32(3), pp.350-372.
 Lukens-Bull, R.A., 2000. Teaching morality: Javanese Islamic education in a globalizing era. Journal of Arabic and Islamic Studies, 3, pp.26-47.
 Alkrdem, M.S. and Alqahtani, A.S., 2016. Educational management in the light of Islamic standards. Journal of Education, Society and Behavioural Science, pp.1-9.
 Ibrahim, A.A., 2017. Integrating Instructional Video Drama to Enhance Islamic Studies Students’ Intrinsic Motivation: An Experimental Research. Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, pp.1-8.